September 23, 2023

The Ballad of Today's Polar Ice

The following was written by an individual whose DNA literally matched that of a Greenland Viking found at an archeological site (in Greenland, of course) ... as well as the DNA of Vikings found at archeological sites in Southern Sweden, Oxford England, and Iceland, not to mention Denmark itself.  Thus, the true existence of the Medieval Warm Period is literally in this author's DNA.  More importantly, the paranoiac hyper-exaggerations about Greenland melting into the pits of doom is a super-annoying insult to his intelligence.

Let's start with an instant thousand words.  For those of you in the American Public School System, know that there used to be an axiom which said, "A picture's worth a thousand words."  In this particular case, the 1,000 words are in the NASA Earth Observatory illustration below which shows that Antarctica is not going through any once-in-a-7.5-million-year meltdown --- or any "plummeting ice levels," either.  This picture shows you that CNN lied to humanity ... as usual.   

The amber perimeter line in the illustration is the median.  That's sort of the average.  Actually, it's the middle number in a list of data numbers.  When it comes to the lowest statistical number in the 5.48 MILLION square mile Antarctic continent --- and its surrounding ocean water --- the "lowest" is not much different than the average ... the usual ... the regular.   

In fact, as of  September 14, 2023, Antarctic Sea Ice Extent amounted to 6.54 MILLION square miles in area.  Now, add Antarctica's land ice of 5.31 million sq mi to Antarctica's sea ice of 6.54, and you have an ice sheet that is 11.85 MILLION SQUARE MILE ice sheet.  Now, the entire Antarctic Circle is 7.7 million sq mi in area.  11.85 minus 7.7 =  4.15.  This means that there is so much ice in Antarctica that 4.15 million square miles of it is located outside of the Antarctic Circle, even though it's attached to the ice within the 7.7 million square mile Antarctic Circle.

Above is a NASA & NSIDC product for public view.  According to the media, 2023 was a disastrous time of melting for Antarctica.  Antarctica was reported as having had it lowest wintertime "sea ice extent" ever known to mankind.  Well, here is your Antarctica, as of September 14, 2023.  The official NASA/NSIDC report is that the Antarctic sea ice extent for Sept 14, 2023 was 6.54 MILLION square miles.  

This means that the amount of continuous ice in the Antarctic Circle & beyond ... minus 2% of ice-free Antarctic desert land ... is 11.8 MILLION square miles.  This is the combined size of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina.   Therefore, there has been NO Antarctic sea ice climate crisis at any time in 2023 or in any other year since the invention of the camera.  

And yes, a very long strand of East Antarctica is also located outside of the Antarctic.  This means that there is also sea ice which exists outside of the Antarctic Circle, all the while being connected to the Antarctic continent.  None the less, concerning Antarctic land, observe:

                               Ice-covered Antarctic terrain = 5,300,000 sq miles (approximately)
                                      Ice-free Antarctic terrain =   110,000 sq miles (approximately)   

Concerning the illustration above, the jagged amber line encircling the Antarctic sea ice extent and all of Antarctica itself, is the "median ice edge."  That's the middle number in a list of statistical ice measurement numbers dating back to 1981.   Technically, it goes from 1981 to 2010.

Concerning this, whenever you see the word, "median" in science or statistics, think "middle number" in a list of numbers --- middle number in a set of numbers.  It's somewhat like the average number.  

The reason why the illustration above is important is because certain "journalists" have recently claimed that Antarctica is in a chaotic crisis stage of "plummeting ice levels."  They stated that Antarctica is undergoing a once in a 7.5 million year event, where Antarctica is losing massive amounts of ice.  They make it sound as if Antarctica is melting all over the place, because of the burning of fossil fuels.  

In fact, one journalist added that there are long stretches of the Antarctic coastline which have no ice, even though it is wintertime there.  This deceives the reader into assuming that ice was formerly in those places, but is now only recently gone.  This deceives the reader into assuming that Antarctica will only have the skeletal remains of sea ice extent in a relatively short time.

The unconscionable omission of the journalists is that they kept hidden from the readers the fact that Antarctica is the driest desert on Earth, and snowfall there is an extreme rarity.  So, two percent of Antarctica has actually been ice-free for a very very very long time.  But of course, media entities such as CNN and the Guardian have to over-sensationalize everything to the point of lying about it.  

The reason why the media portrayed Antarctica as being in an apocalyptic meltdown is because [1] it was recently reported that, in July of 2023, Antarctica had its least amount of July sea ice extent, during any July, since record-keeping began.  [2] And in February of 2023, Antarctica had the lowest summertime sea ice extent.  [3] Then, a year prior, in 2022, Antarctica also had the lowest summertime sea ice extent ... until 2023 came along.  So, CNN had to embellish.  What CNN forgot to mention was that after every Antarctic summer, the sea ice extent is low . . . always low.  Thus, every single year, Antarctica literally performs a 'reset.'  

As you can see in the July 2023 illustration below (as opposed to the August 23rd illustration above), the least amount of Antarctic ice encircling Antarctica ... during any July ... wasn't that much different than the average amount of ice that specifically encircled the Antarctic continent during July 2023.

Throughout each year, any ice decrease in Antarctica was slight.  Any ice increase there was slight.  It all hovers around the same general & approximate equilibrium.  Video theatrics concerning Polar ice is nothing more than a con artist's ploy to absorb inordinately large & undeserved amounts of American taxpayer dollars.  It's all a matter of theft by deception --- theft of the American taxpayer which includes the American working class.  

They act as if to be all so charitable, saving you from heated doom, death, and destruction.  They then go into overdrive, getting you to pay for the money given to other people in your name ... and not given to you directly ... so done under the guise of saving you from a carbon footprint which is supposed exist in an atmosphere that is already 99.9734% carbon-free.  

Needless to say, CNN's corporate song is that Antarctica is now in a chaotic meltdown, because of the burning of fossil fuels.  None the less, the heat of 2022 and 2023 matches the heat of 2011 and 2012, in the Eleven Year Sunspot Cycle Theory.  In sequence, 2000 and 2001 are 11 years prior to 2011 and 2012.  Now, there was a deadly heatwave in the Southern states of America in the Year 2000.  In 2001, the northeast of the United States got hit with a deadly heatwave.  I continued the trend in other posts, admitting that this is still only a theory, but one backed-up by some measure of evidence.

Even at that, I showed in detail how the mainstream media lied and exaggerated the temperatures of the Summer of 2023.  This includes the extremely bogus 101F ocean water claim, when the truth is that the water in focus was Florida Everglade run-off water, next to the Hwy 1 Bridge which leads to Key Largo.

I also showed that the mainstream media LIED in 2022, when it claimed that, on July 19 2022, the London Fire Brigade had the most "incidents" in its history, since WWII.  I did this by posting the OFFICIAL London Fire Brigade July 19, 2022 Incidents Report.  On that day, the London Fire Brigade had no more than ten incidents more than the daily average of incidents for the Year of 2022.  And of course, numerous days in many prior decades had far more daily incidents than did July 19, 2022.

I uncovered lie after lie after statistical lie.  One more thing.  I work alone.  Michael Mann tried to get Climate Hysteria Dissenters criminally indicted under the RICO Act.  He wanted dissenters who consult with each other to be criminalized.  Basically, he wants dissenters to be left isolated.  Well, you can amass a lot of information while isolated and working alone.

Welcome to the Antarctic Box Score (the stats)

Now, the official science is that 98% of Antarctica is covered in ice.  Yet, the 2% of Antarctica which is NEVER covered in ice comprises 110,000 square miles of Antarctic terrain.  That is the same area as is the state of Nevada, and such iceless Antarctic terrain is predominately expanses of barren rock which look like the surfaces of another planet.   This is why a dishonest journalist can claim that long stretches of Antarctica are without ice, all the while deceiving people into thinking that all of Antarctica is having a meltdown, due to the burning of fossil fuels.  

The truth is that the barren rock lands of Antarctica were caused by convection & high pressure air coming from the Tropopause.  It's called, the Polar Cell.  Likewise, there is the Hadley Cell, at 30 degrees parallel, in both hemispheres.

Whereas the iceless parts of Antarctica combined is the size of Nevada, the ice-covered parts of the same Antarctica are collectively is the size of 20 Texases or 33 Californias . . . or even 82 Floridas.  When it comes to natural iceless terrain in Antarctica ... not caused by the burning of fossil fuels ... it's a matter of comparing one Nevada to 82 Floridas.  Or it's like comparing one Nevada to 48 Nevadas.

As was previously reported, when mid-August 2023 came, the Antarctic sea ice extent exceeded the size of the Antarctic continent to the tune of 5.84 million sq miles.   And this "low low low" 2023 sea ice extent, as of mid-August, was SEVEN TIMES LARGER then all of the area of Greenland.  Greenland is 836,000 sq mi.

Antarctic Coastline: 11,164 miles in length

Then comes the coastline length of Antarctica which happens to be 11,164 miles ... or 17,968 kilometers.  Now, 2% of 11,164 miles is 223 miles.  Thus, if you have 223 miles of ice-free Antarctic coastline, you also have 10,940 miles of coastline where the ice cover extends hundreds of miles into the ocean.  Thus, it's 223 vs 10,940.  If you want to round-off the numbers, then it's a matter of 10,800 miles vs 300 miles ... or even 10,500 miles vs 500 miles.   Yet, CNN claims that Antarctica is in the dire straits of a meltdown apocalypse.  Needless to say, it most certainly is NOT.  It's just that CNN is a harassing annoyance upon humanity.

Below:  Observe the amount of ice is surrounding 10,800+ miles of the Antarctic coastline.  Meanwhile 200-300 miles of ice-free coastline aligns the Palmer Peninsula and Wilkes Land, as well as Victoria Land & Ross Island (near McMurdo Station).  Thus, thousands and thousands of miles of Antarctic coastline was engulfed in massive widths of sea ice, while CNN claimed there to be an apocalyptic meltdown there.   

Now for the Arctic Ocean, aka the North Pole, as is illustrated below.  The Arctic Ocean was simply described as having had its twelfth lowest July sea ice extent on record.  Okay, but look at the illustration below and see how much sea ice extent that happens to be.  That's 3.16 million square miles of sea ice.  That's the size of 48 Floridas ... or 12 Texases . . . or even 69 Pennsylvanias.  

Even at the Arctic Ocean's lowest sea ice extent (in 2012), the area of sea ice there was the size of 28 Pennsylvanias.  A way of fathoming the massive size of even the smallest square acreage of Arctic sea ice extent is to drive from Miami to Baltimore to Minneapolis to Houston and back to Miami.  At it's smallest, Arctic sea ice was 36% the size of the United States ... slightly largest in area than India ... and 5 times larger than Texas.  

In wintertime, at it's lowest maximum measurement, Arctic sea ice area was the size of 20 Texases.  At its highest maximum, Arctic sea ice area was the size of 22 Texases.  So, you need to understand that there is not much of a difference between highest and lowest in the Arctic.  You also need to understand that climate doomsayers are con artists looking for massive amounts of federal funding ... or NGO grants.  Such a thing is known as Theft by Deception, and there does exist something known as the False Claims Act.
Above:  Now, this is at the end of July.  That's an area of  3.16 MILLION square miles of sea ice.  The Arctic Ocean's surface is 5.4 MILLION square miles in area.  Thus, 58% of the Arctic Ocean was still covered by ice when August 2023 commenced.
Let it be repeated from a previous post:  Before all else, there's one simple observation which proves that 2023 did NOT come close to having the hottest summer in the past 7.5 million years or 125,000 years or even 87 years. The observation consists in the fact that the Arctic Ocean is not anywhere near ice-free, and it's already the 25th of August.  Life is simple and con artists overlook the simplest of things.  So too do the ones who get conned by the con artists. 

There is still a massive amount of ice in the Arctic, as is the case every year, even in its lowest year.  It's simply that a perpetual climate doomsday narrative is being propagated by [1] money-seeking activists, [2]  media managers in search of high ratings, and [3] scientists who want into their personal portfolios some of that recently passed $370 BILLION Congressional "climate appropriations" money.  That is what they really mean when they say they are going green.

This is what activists, scientists, and network news producers mean when they say they are "going green."  After all, Al Gore went green 250 million times, so far.

Unless the I.R.A. (the inappropriately named, Inflation Reduction Act) gets repealed ... rescinded ... amended ... abrogated ... abolished ... scientists will spend the next ten years lying about the climate, creating hyper-exaggerations in the process thereof.  They will do so, with the intention of getting for themselves and/or their universities and/or their networks some of that climate money.  It's elementary, Watson.  If the scientists say that the atmosphere is fine and well balanced, then they get no grant money.  If they say that the atmosphere is in a state of crisis, then they get money that rivals the military industrial complex's financial rates of return.

The Dust Bowl Observation

There is another blatant observation which shows that 2023 was not the hottest summer in even the past 87 years.  There were not the dust storms of the 1930s anywhere in America in 2023.  The daily damage done to farmers in 1936, alone, when measured by today's dollars, eventually reached an equivalency of  $530 MILLION per day.  At the time, the accountants surmised that $25 million per day of property was being lost to dust storms, drought, and searing heat.  The Year 1936 was the End of Many Worlds.  

One more reminder:  CNN was dead set on pushing the Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction Hoax.  CNN turned out to be completely wrong.  CNN was also instrumental on pushing other hoaxes, annihilating its credibility amongst reasonably minded people.  When it comes to CNN's Climate Hysteria, do the math when calculating the probability that it's journalists are being honest.  

Let us review the July sea ice reports:

Now think.   El Nino arrived on June 8th.  This means that the Pacific Ocean got an extra dose of heat from a "westerly source."  In the illustration below, take note that the Atlantic side of the Arctic is as ice-packed as ever, concerning the 1981-2010 "median ice edge."  The Pacific side got the expected effects of El Nino, to the point where the coveted Northwest passage is open for sailors.  Even at that, there is still a massive amount of ice on and in the Arctic Ocean.   The NASA & NSIDC illustration below is marked as August 28, 2023.

ABOVE:  During this El Nino Summer, there still remains ice all the way up to Cape Morris Jesup, in Greenland. The ice extends from Northern Greenland, all the way past the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago, which happens to be 25 miles away from the coast of Central Siberia.  The distance between the North Pole and Severnaya Z is 725 miles.  The distance between Cape Morris Jesup and the North Pole is 440 miles.  Thus, there exists a 1,165+ mile stretch of Arctic Ice, as of late August 2023.  This is because 2023 did NOT have the hottest Summer in the past 125,000 years ... or even in the past 87 years.  None the less, don't be surprised if the Arctic sea ice extent of 2023 ends up 3rd to 6th lowest, in the satellite era.

The lesson here is that even the lowest amount of Arctic sea ice minimum is absolutely massive.  In fact, the 2012 sea ice extent had an area slightly larger than that of the subcontinent of India.  For the record, India is the 7th largest country in the world, and it's much bigger than Greenland.

Moreover, NASA reported that the Summertime Arctic ice-loss rate was around average until the beginning of August.  Then ice-loss accelerated.  Now, if co2 were the cause of Arctic ice loss, then the summertime ice loss would have occurred in a uniform manner, each month.  This is because the atmospheric co2 level did NOT suddenly ratchet upward in August.  In fact, when the Earth approaches Northern Hemispheric harvest season, co2 levels slightly drop.  Yet, as co2 levels were slightly dropping, Arctic sea ice loss increased.

Ironically, science recently found that, in the past 2,000 years, eras of slight warming coincided with Greenland ice cap growth.  We start with the following research field scientist's quote:

"Because we're collecting a climate record from the coast, we're able to document for the first time that there were these large shifts in temperature, snowfall and melt over the last 2,000 years, showing much more variability than is observed in records from the interior of Greenland."  

The lesson here is that co2 is NOT the driver of Planet Earth's atmosphere.  The indication here is that decadal ocean oscillations are the determinant of climate ... or at the least, they are the determinant of the surface temperature of the area near the oscillations.  And of course, each decadal oscillation is of a massive size.  

The "Global Boiling" Propagandists' diversionary tactic

At the surface of every ocean are gyres.  Each ocean gyre is massive, and each ocean gyre is far far far more important than the unraveled-bowtie-looking current often highlighted by Climate Hysteria Activists.  The current obsessively presented in Climate Hysteria propaganda is called, the Thermohaline Circulation.  The Climate Change People often put it in neon lights without ever mentioning that it actually exists at the bottom of the oceans and that you walk faster than it moves.  In fact, it used to be called [1] the Deep Circulation.  At other times, it was called [2] the Abyssal Circulation.  And yes, it IS synonymous with 'abysmal.'

The Global Warming People accentuate the sea floor circulation, to scare an under-educated public about unsalted fresh water pouring into the salty oceans.  They keep saying that very soon all of the fresh water run-off from Greenland will reduce the Atlantic Ocean's salinity so much so that the warm Gulf Stream will stop flowing north, and England will turn into Siberia.  

The great falsehood here is the fact that dozens of major fresh-water rivers throughout Planet Earth pour into the salty oceans of the Earth every second of every minute of every day.  This is where the delta, the estuary, the lagoon, the slough, and the sound come into play.  Such fresh water rivers flowing into salty ocean water include:

[1] the Columbia,  [2] the Snake,  [3] the Stikine (of British Columbia),  [4] the Sacramento,  [5] the Mississippi,   [6] the Hudson,  [7] the Connecticut,  [8] the Amazon,  [9] the Orinoco,  [10]  the Yenisei,  [11] the Lena (of Siberia),  [12] the Mekong,  [13] the Mackenzie,  [14] the Congo,  [15] the Niger,  [16] the Magdalena,  [17] the Yukon,  [18] the Kapuas (of Borneo),  [19] the Essequibo (of Guyana),  [20] the Ogowe (of Gabon),  [21] the Hong,  [22] the Kolyma (of Siberia),  [23] the Atrato (of Columbia),  [24] the Zambezi,  [25] the Tabasco (in Mexico),  [26] the Rajang (of Malaysia),  [27] the Fraser,  [28] the Khatanga, [29] the Pulau,  [30] the Sao Francisco (Brazil),  and the list goes on.  

Due to the fact that the Climate Hysteria Activists bark like dogs at the seasonal ice melt of Greenland, while keeping entirely silent when it comes to dozens of large fresh water rivers emptying-out into oceans, they have a lot of  'splaining to do, Lucy.

And concerning the Amazon River, to make a long story short, a 2017 paper surmised that the climates of ages past would have been warmer without Amazon river water running off into the Atlantic Ocean.  This is beyond the scope and allotted space of this particular discourse.

Mention of the ocean gyres isn't in the vocabulary of climate activists.  And of course, they are blaming the ice-free coastline of southern Greenland on CO2 and even other greenhouse gases which only exist in the atmosphere in very small trace amounts.  The official United States' own NASA explained the ice-free borders of Greenland in a much different way:

"The surface ocean current brings new water to this region from the South Atlantic via the Gulf Stream and the water returns to the South Atlantic via the North Atlantic Deep Water current. The continual influx of warm water into the North Atlantic polar ocean keeps the regions around Iceland and southern Greenland mostly free of sea ice year round."  

The lesson is that an ice-free January in southern Greenland is NOT due to co2 levels or the burning of fossil fuels.  In fact, southern Greenland is outside of the Arctic Circle.  None the less, as recently as in 2022, honest-enough scientists surmised that it was the ocean waters themselves that were causing the ice-melt of the southern Greenland coastlines. 

In conclusion, the proximate driver of the Earth's climate is either decadal ocean oscillation or the behavior of the Sun.  Now, when it comes to the ultimate driver of the Earth's atmosphere, NASA officially stated that "the Sun is the driver of the Earth's climate."  But, such a thing effects air pressure systems.  This, in turn, translates into Pressure Gradient Forcing driving the climate ... but driving the climate in conjunction with none other than the Coriolis Effect AND the tilt of the Earth, otherwise known as "the obliquity of the Earth." 

The bottom line is that Al Gore gave humanity the proverbial red herring when he obsessed his 2006 movie with life-giving co2, making it the villain of his thoroughly asinine movie, and by making it the great enemy of mankind.  Without co2 we all die.

Now, concerning the Southern Hemisphere

The 2% of ice-free land on a polar continent 5.5 million square miles in size can deceptively make the 2% look like a pandemic of ice loss.  There is no Antarctic coastline not covered by massive amounts of ice, except for the tip of the Palmer Peninsula at the Drake Passage, Wilkes Land, Victoria Land, and the Ross Island near the McMurdo station.

That Antarctic peninsula tip is outside of the Polar Circle, to the tune of 1,840 miles away from the South Pole.  It's only 540 to 600 miles away from the southern tip of Chile, where one finds Cape Horn.  Other than that peninsula tip, Antarctica, during winter, is encased in massive quantities of ice.

So, why is the peninsula tip not submerged in ice?  ANS:  The Drake Passage's effect on the extremely massive Antarctic Circumpolar Current (the ACC).  It causes eddies to flow toward Antarctica, thereby providing a South Pole wintertime rarity, called warmth, to the peninsula's tip.   Eddies are small vortices ... whirlpools ... and they ever so coincidentally exist in two lanes, during El Nino, with the Equatorial current in the middle of the two eddy lanes.  During El Nino they sort of work like highway guardrails.  Actually, the work sort of like train tracks.

The ACC is the strongest current on Earth, and it does NOT merely occupy a layer of the Southern Ocean near Antarctica.  It encompasses all of the Southern Ocean near there, from the surface to the bottom.   It transports approximately 225 MILLION cubic yards of ocean water per second.  It causes a circular current that keeps the cold within the Antarctic continent.  When a ship sails outside of that ocean water circle, the ocean's heat-increase is suddenly noticeable.  It's not a gradual effect.  It's kind of like the St. Lawrence River's point where predominate salt water becomes predominate fresh water.

Every summer, the Antarctic sea ice extent recedes almost to the continent's shoreline ... except where there are ice shelves.  NOAA long since observed that approximately 15% of Antarctic wintertime sea ice remains in tact at the end of the Antarctic summer.  But, the most important thing to note is that there is no noticeable sea level rise after the end of Antarctic summertime, despite the disappearance of sea ice there.  In as much, the summertime ice loss of Antarctica is NOT a once in a 7.5 million year event.  It's a once in every one year event, year after year.

NASA attributed at least "some" of this effect to the gradual lessening of albedo in the Southern Ocean.  The lesser the sea ice, the more the surface water, and the lesser the albedo.

Albedo is the amount of the sun's energy that reflects back into space.  Now, snow-covered ice has much more albedo than does ice alone.  That is to say, more of the Sun's energy bounces back into space after hitting snow covered ice than hitting uncovered ice.  And of course, Antarctica is a desert.  Snowfall there is a rarity.  Each Pole is a high pressure convection zone, thereby translating into desert.  This is the same as both 30th parallel convection zones, north and south.  The 30th Parallel, north and south, is/are where the major deserts of Planet Earth are located.

None the less, when sunlight hits ice, snow, etc, most of the sunlight reflects back into outer-space.  When it hits water, most of it does not bounce back into space.  In fact, water, sand, grass, leaves, and dirt have very low "albedo values."  Furthermore, asphalt has the lowest albedo, meaning that it absorbs solar radiant heat the most.  Thus, when you are in the city, it's NOT co2 that's causing the "urban heat island effect."  It's asphalt.   

When it comes to water, there are exceptions in the "albedo value," where the majority of sunlight reflects back into space upon hitting certain types of water.  This depends on the Sun's angle.  The lower the angle, the higher the albedo.  

There is much more to include which can be considered "beyond the scope" of this discourse.  Explaining it all would take three posts, and there would still be decisive questions left to be answered about Antarctica and the Southern Ocean.  The bottom line is that atmospheric science & oceanography are very intricate sciences, and you cannot be a stereotypical corporate television airhead and reduce every weather condition on Planet Earth to "the burning of fossil fuels" and "co2" ... or even "greenhouse gases." 

Concerning the volume of greenhouse gases throughout the Earth's atmosphere, 90% of them is WATER VAPOR.  Needless to say, you cannot sequester the oceans and their 352 quintillion gallons of water.   You cannot ban water.  Where are you gonna hide it?

The other way in which ice can literally disappear

As a quick note, ice loss can also occur via "sublimation," where ice turns into vapor without first turning into a liquid called water.  Fast winds require this.  So, how were the Rossby waves/winds this Summer?  Some of us don't have the luxury of time to look into every type of file and report,  including updates on Rossby wave action.  None the less, the Year 2023 is NOT NOT NOT anywhere close to becoming the first ice-free August and/or September in the Arctic Ocean since who-knows-when.  

Then comes the Antarctic Ice Gains Hidden by the Mainstream Media

Between 2009 and 2019, East Antarctica had 661 gigatons of ice GAIN.  See:

It's West Antarctica where ice is receding, and ironically the vast majority of Antarctica's subglacial volcanoes are in West Antarctica, positioned like a "string of fire."  

Now, before 2017, it was taught that 91 subglacial volcanoes sit in Antarctica.  After 2017, the conjecture was that 138 volcanos in all are in Antarctica.  Thus, there are 7 to 11  dozen volcanos on Antarctica's continent.  

And finally, there were 34 ice shelves studied, out of Antarctica's 48 major ones.  Eighteen of those ice shelves were found to be retreating (receding.)   Sixteen of them were found to be growing.  Two of them are the largest ones on Antarctica.  One of them is the size of Spain, and the other one is slightly bigger than Montana.  They are the Ross Ice Shelf and the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf.

The decisive question is how much of this maximum Antarctic ice extent is the "least"?  The answer is 5.84 million square miles as of mid-August 2023, with approximately four weeks of Wintertime ice accumulation remaining.  

Now, the record high is 7.78 million sq miles which occurred in September of 2015.  More importantly, as recently as two years ago, the Antarctic maximum sea ice extent was 7.12 million sq mi.  Last year, the maximum extent was 7.02 million sq mi.  Thus, there is NO ongoing trend of disastrous ice decline in Antarctica.  In fact, the US government's Boulder Colorado crew stated, "In the past decade, the September winter maximum has been extremely variable, hitting record and near-record highs, as well as near-record lows."  

The bottom line is that the Antarctic continent remains surrounded by an overly massive amount of sea ice, during winter.  The equally important bottom line is that today's journalists, especially those who work for Bill-Gates-funded media outlets, are unconscionable liars who apparently don't care about the disgraceful legacy that they will leave behind them.  

Even though there is presently a stranglehold on the media outlets by outright liars, it won't always be that way.  The truth will eventually come forth, in a number of topics that are being misrepresented to the public, by CNN and similar unconscionable entities.  The con game will be out in the open for everyone to see, years, decades and even centuries from now.  The arrogant of today will be forever humbled.

Below:  Official stuff.  This IS a product of NASA, and it shows no end-of-the-world type of ice loss, even if 2023 comes to be the year with the least Antarctic maximum sea ice extent or the least sea ice concentration in known history.  When it comes to Antarctica, even the least is an astoundingly massive amount.