September 26, 2022

Ocean Temperatures

The True Textbook-Defined Signature of Global Warming 

 If there is no temperature rise in the middle of the Troposphere, then there is no global warming.  There was no Tropospheric temperature rise between 1999 and 2016.  This was called the Hiatus (the resting --- the "Global Warming Pause").  

Then certain scientists schemed to find a way to claim that there was no hiatus between 1999-2016, as if scientists didn't get smart until 2017.  They literally claimed that there was accumulated heat hiding in the oceans.   Stop here.   Penalty Flag Time.   Insult to the Intelligence.  Let's go through the steps that will dispel the deception:

Let's begin with the thesis statement that appears at the bottom of this discourse.  As to the assertion of scientists in need of Congressional funding & Al Gore's approval, in their claim that there is heat from the burning of fossil fuels hidden in the oceans in mass quantities (or even in little quantities):

"That is super easy to prove as a total falsehood via ===>

1 - the oceans' Latent Heat of Vaporization Mechanism, followed by advection (wind transferring the heat horizontally, as opposed to vertically as happens in convection)

2- the 7,000-to-9,000 foot deep Aphotic Zone in every ocean (other than the Arctic and its 653 foot zone), along with the half-mile deep Dysphotic Zone in every ocean.

3- the absence of finding any pronounced, Godzilla-sized, ocean surface temperature "anomalies" that go beyond one season in time --- or even five days,

4- and tourists flocking to the oceans every Summer for the sake of the cool ocean breezes, along with tourists going on Love Boat type ocean cruises.  Not very many customer complaints there.  Simply ask the cruise-line operators.

There is a fifth observation:  It's the coastline real estate industry.  People are still buying shoreline property.  They have no buyer's remorse in any mass scale.  

The oceans are supposed to be relentlessly heating and the sea level is supposed to be elevating to a catastrophic height.  But, the real estate industry that deals in shorelines and oceanside residences have been doing robust business for decades.  The residents should have noticed something wrong by now, causing them to leave for inland property.  Seaside property has been a sign of prestige for decades.

The four predominate features can be called the Four Horsemen of Reality, assuring the reasonable person that there was no "carbon foot-printed Global Warming" filling any of the oceans during the Global Warming Hiatus of 1999 to 2016.  There simply was a stop in the increase of global atmospheric temperatures during that time span.   And there was fraud being committed by the people associated with the East Anglia office.  Yes, a roomful of scientists & politicians can easily be (or become) a den of thieves.

Seasons, Mathematics, and suspect data tampering

Now, a year might have a hot Summer, but not below-average Winter temps, meaning that four seasons might statistically balance each other.  Just because you have a hot Summer, it doesn't indicate temperature in the Mid-Troposphere.

Then comes sleight-of-hand reporting, instead the straight forward type.  A report might start with the end of Winter, claiming Winter to have ended higher than normal.  The average reader would assume that the entire Winter was higher than normal, when the fact in one specific case was that the rest of the Winter season made all of Winter colder than the year previous.  

All in all, there is this intolerable pea-and-shell game with the truth.  Government employees want to make the climate look in peril, so that their departments will get more Congressional funding.  In as much . . .

The only people who should be allowed to participate in a climate debate are those paid zero dollars and zero cents in any activities related to climate.  An individual highly paid by "carbon credit" commissions or government funding money has a conflict of interest that morally disqualifies him/her from the conversation.  Such an individual cannot be enabled to insert manipulative propaganda under the guise of scientific fact.  

Some of that manipulative propaganda involved "misplacing" data numbers and "graph shifting."  Thus, if you make money claiming that human activity causes catastrophic climate change, you're disqualified.  If you make money claiming that human activity does not do such a thing, then you too are disqualified.  

For the record, as of the time of this writing, September 25, 2022, I was never paid a penny for anything concerning this subject, this topic, this issue.  All of these 24 or 25 or 26 written climate discourses thus far have been one public service, done entirely for free.  I don't even get advertising fee commissions, at present ... and in the past.

Let us begin with the atmospheric science aspect of this issue: 

The United States National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration recognizes that ===>  

>Functionally Effective Sunlight does NOT penetrate the oceans any deeper than 656 feet.   This layer of ocean water is known as the Euphotic Zone.  From the 656 foot point downward, photosynthesis is impossible.  So, throughout an added depth of 2,624 feet (which is directly below the Euphotic Zone), the descending sunlight becomes increasingly darker.  The twilight layer of an ocean is the Dysphotic Zone, and its lowest depth is about a half mile from the ocean surface.   This means that a vast liquid area gets colder and colder as depth/descent continues. No Global Warming there.

>Below the Dysphotic Zone line there is no light at all, and this super deep chamber of ocean is called the Aphotic Zone.  It begins at the 3,280 feet mark below the ocean surface.  The Aphotic Zone is marked by darkness and 39F of cold, until one reaches the bottom of the ocean where "hot spot" volcanoes, aka hydrothermal vents, are the sum total of the ocean floors' heating system.  

The ocean floors are chemosynthesis country, where life abounds all-around these vents, with none of the organisms living on photosynthesis.  At the ocean floors, there still is darkness.

Remember, remember, remember:  CO2 has no heating power in the dark of the ocean, and it has insignificantly feeble power in the Dysphotic Zone of every ocean, proven by the coldness there.  Even at that, co2's heating power (which is a very minor role for the Earth's atmosphere) consists in "retaining" ("capturing") infrared light. As a solid and as a liquid, CO2 itself is actually used in the commercial world as a . . . refrigerant.  Welcome to the world of irony.

The questions that remain of heat in the oceans, which is not spreading into the more spacious cold areas of the oceans, are for exploratory research groups.  The questions would involve learning if there is any other feature from sunlight that would contribute to providing heat to the oceans.  

This would include Coronal Mass Ejections and the by-products of the solar wind, as in Alfven Waves and other cosmic undulations.  There is also the Chromosphere and Photosphere, in addition to the Sun's Corona.

Researching the Earth's Mantle wouldn't hurt, either.  None the less, it was completely fraudulent to have claimed that 70% of "man-made, fossil-fuel" heat was/is "soaked-up" by the oceans.  The vast cold of the oceans prove otherwise.  Time has illustrated that an office filled with scientists and politicians is often nothing more than a den of thieves ... and deliberate liars.

>Moreover, at the depth of 660 feet, directly below the Euphotic Zone, the ocean's Temperature drastically decreases, to approximately 55 degrees F (13C).  This spot in each ocean is called the Thermocline, and when traveling past this depth, the temperature decreases to approximately 39 degrees F (4C). 

This 39F is the temperature of the rest of each ocean ... throughout the descent to the ocean floors.  Incidentally, the ocean floor hydrovents exist where the tectonic plates of two continents are spreading apart, usually.  Their behavior is tamed, because of the massive weight of a massive ocean basin above.

Concerning the oceans' hydrostatic pressure, for every 33 feet of descent, the pressure increases by one Atmosphere.  One atmosphere is equal to 1,013 millibars.  This is 14.69 psi (pounds per square inch), and that's the standard atmospheric air pressure of the surface of the Earth, at sea level.

Sunlight's Shallow Reach

Then there is the matter of sunlight upon the ocean surfaces.  Not very much of it bounces off of the ocean surfaces and rockets back into outer-space.  It's the opposite of sunlight hitting snowscapes.  None the less, the existence of Specific Latent Heat of Vaporization is the heating system provided by the ocean, at its general surface area.  This mechanism very effectively rids the ocean's first layer of overly-accumulated heat.

Remember, sunlight does not rocket through any ocean, as it slowly degrades in intensity, until it reaches the 656 foot depth of any ocean.  That's not very much space for oceans that are 10,000+, 12,000+, and 13,000 feet in average depth.  And it's not very much at all, for the ocean trenches that dip to 28,000 and 35,000 foot depths.  Thus, it is a falsehood to claim that oceans are anywhere close to being the vast heat depositories that the European Union claimed.  

The surmise is that, when ocean temperatures do rise, they only slowly rise as a result of heat from the ocean floor ... from hydrothermal vents "aka hot spots" which can reach 700F.  This includes, as a source, the Earth's mantle seeping through tectonic plates that are in the slow process of sliding apart from each other.  

Everyone's Similar Personal Experience 

The author of this Blue Marble Album lived at the Atlantic Ocean's shoreline for the majority of 10 consecutive years.  There's one experience with the Summertime ocean that he noticed and took for granted.  It's the reason why so many people vacation at the ocean.  Very simply, it's the cool breezes coming from oceans during daylight that make oceans a preferred vacation destination.  It's like a really big fan operating in the distance.  It's quit nice, actually.

Likewise, the winds from the Atlantic during Wintertime were irritatingly chilly.   No bargain there.

The fact that so many people vacation at the ocean is evidence that the oceans weren't heating-up as apocalyptically as advertised.  The ocean was perceived as being a relief from the heat, by aspiring vacationers.

Concerning the author of this Blue Marble Album, every summer day at that particular Atlantic Shoreline was between 93F and 97F, with the temperature never reaching 100F and not very often being warmer than inland towns which did regularly reach and exceed 100F.  

Ten consecutive years of experience can assure you that there was no true increase in ocean temperatures being felt by any tourist or resident.  The temperature increases were only in the tampered government paperwork ... as in the "homogenized" temperature graphs of the NOAA.  That is to say that there was only an increase of ocean temperatures on paper, by those who made their money claiming that such temperature increases existed ... and claiming so, for an increase of taxpayer dollar allocations to the scientists' aforesaid department. 

Do you remember when the Pentagon officially stated that the Arctic Ocean stood a good chance of entirely melting at the end of each Summer, followed by the Russia Navy sailing through the Arctic, into Novia Scotia and New England, thereby invading and conquering America?  

Well, its managers wrote it, in the hopes to inspire the US Congress to give the US military increased government funding.  You see, after the Cold War, the US Congress decreased the military budget, and the Obama administration was portrayed as a peacetime presidency that was going to undo the Bush/Cheney war machine.  So, the US military decided to ... to ... to lie to the American taxpayers they swore to defend ... and to reach into the American taxpayers' pockets more deeply. 

Pycnocline

Concerning the rise in heat from the ocean floor, there is a line in each ocean called the Pycnocline.  It's like a gate that's not always locked.

               |               Ocean depths                        |constant 39F in Aphotic Zone|

Atlantic  |  avg ~12,881 ft \ deepest ~28,232 ft  \ Aphotic Zone depth ~ 9,601 ft

Pacific    | avg ~13,215 ft \ deepest  ~35,840 ft   \ Aphotic Zone depth ~ 9,915 ft

India       | avg ~13,002 ft \ deepest ~23,812 ft  \ Aphotic Zone depth ~ 9,702 ft

Arctic     | avg ~  3,953 ft \ deepest ~17,881 ft  \ Aphotic Zone depth ~    653 ft

Southern | avg ~10,728 ft \ deepest~ 25,383 ft  \ Aphotic Zone depth ~ 7,428 ft

Now, there was the matter of the 2018 "Resplendy-Keeling Paper," authored by Ralph Keeling's team and not by the Dr Charles Keeling of the 1950s.  It was actually called, the Resplandy Research Group Paper.  None the less, the 2018 paper claimed that oceans heated 60% more rapidly than previously realized.  The paper's subject matter was regarded as "startling," and the media heralded it as the smoking gun which absolutely proved the existence of a "climate crisis."  

Within two weeks of time, a mathematically inclined gentleman associated with a Georgia Tech atmospheric science professor discovered decisive mathematical errors in the Ocean Warming Paper.  This discovery negated the entire conclusion of the paper.  A Nicholas Lewis found the errors.  

In sequence, one of the 2018 paper's co-authors publicly admitted the errors, as did the prestigious publisher of the paper.  However, any retractions from the rest of the American media could not be located. 

None the less, at the outset of the study, it was obvious that the paper's thesis statement was a falsehood.  This is because it contradicted a well known scientific fact involving Seas Breezes and Land Breezes.  

Very simply, a change of temperature at any of the oceans is much more slowly accomplished than is the change of temperature at any land surface.  And being that there was no long-term (or even short-term) 60% rate increase in non-polar land surface temperatures anywhere, there surely would not be this phenomenon at the oceans.  Thus, the Keeling Paper (aka the Resplandy Paper) was guaranteed to be marked with error.

Moreover, the invalidated "peer reviewed" paper was contrary to the mechanism of the Specific Latent Heat of Vaporization which is explained in an introductory fashion below.  It involves atmospheric Heat Transfer.

Firstly, take a quick look at ::: Team Keeling & Publisher admit to decisive mathematical errors in doomsday paper

See also ::: Widely Reported & Alarming Ocean Warming Study is Wrong

This too :::   Media Gave Blanket Coverage to Flawed Climate Paper 

Mathematician's Statement :::  Major Problem with Ocean Heat Uptake Paper 

The general rule is that ======> Planet Earth and its oceans are designed to proliferate the TRANSFER OF HEAT; and not to hoard heat. 

In addition:  No sunlight = No Infrared Light = No co2 absorbing infrared heat which would only have ended up in the middle latitudes via the Latent Heat of Vaporization Mechanism, anyway.

illustration of how far light travels in the ocean.

The reality is that the oceans are NOT vaults of co2-captured-heat or any other kind of heat coming from the atmosphere.  The oceans are liquid spring boards that create LATENT HEAT that turns into a vapor, while simultaneously rising out of the oceans, getting caught in a wind, and then traveling to the colder latitudes of Planet Earth, thereby accomplishing its mission of Heat Transfer.

The Latent Heat Mechanism of oceans" tropic & sub-tropic zones involves the RELEASE of heat ... not the absorption of it.   Obama was such a liar, in using the oceans as an excuse for the evident cessation of Atmospheric Global Warming,  and there surely was not any "ocean global warming."  Yet, President Goldman-Sachs Obama, the Drone Strike President, had to designate the key to all life-giving photosynthesis as a pollutant --- as an unwelcome nuisance instead of as the proliferation of life on Earth.

Obama owns a mansion at the Atlantic Coastline, within walking distance of the shoreline, three feet above sea level.  This is his message to the world that he did not believe in the assertion that catastrophic sea level rise was soon to prevail.  Yet, he preached this assertion as the decisive issue on Earth.

What Obama needed to acknowledge was that Nuclear Winter is far worse than Global Warming ever could be.

The Equilibrium Reflex of the Atmosphere

Remember, the atmosphere is always trying to achieve equilibrium, and that is what often causes turbulence and epic weather events to occur.  The attempt to balance-out the Earth's weather conditions, counter-intuitively enough, caused epic & tragic weather events.

The atmosphere of a planet, if it has one, is its gaseous envelope surrounding the planet.  The only part of the vast oceans of Earth which is part of the atmosphere is none other than . . . the latent heat which generates from it via vaporization. 

The oceans were being used as an excuse for the failure of the predictions of Jim Hansen, Michael Mann, Al Gore, John Kerry, and others who want the world to believe that a molecular compound that inhabits less than 1/2 of 1% of the atmosphere can control the other 99.95% of the same atmosphere, and then cause the world to heat itself into annihilation.  You've got to be kidding. 

The depth of the Aphotic Zone in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans is 9,000+ feet.  The depth of the Southern Ocean's Aphotic Zone is 7,400 feet.  And finally, the depth of the Arctic Ocean's Aphotic Zone is 653 feet.  None of that part of the oceans is hoarding any increase in atmospheric heat, and that happens to be a massive amount of cubic area.  The oceans are not big tea pots.  They are only able to absorb and transport throughout its water basins the heat that comes from the Earth's mantle, via sliding tectonic plates.  

Incidentally, recent scientific discoveries concluded that the heat which ended the Major Ice Age, aka the last Glacial Maximum, came from the bottom of the oceans and eventually made its way into the Earth's Atmosphere.  The length of time that it took for this allocation of heat to occur was said ... by the research crew ... to have taken 1,300 years of rising ... from the oceans.

Concerning this, a pertinent rule goes as follows: 

Firstly, before the Public School System stopped teaching students how to think with numbers & sequential logic, it was commonly known that it takes 100 calories to elevate the temperature of 1 gram of water from its freezing point to its boiling point.  

~Well, it takes 533 or so calories (2230-2235 joules) to turn a gram of water at 100 degrees Celsius to a gram of vapor at 100 degrees Celsius. It takes much more energy to vaporize something than to melt it.  That's the essence of Latent Heat, and that seems very logical in a science that often seems very counter-intuitive. 

The Number 1 implication of this scientific axiom is that the oceans do NOT have the surplus of caloric energy needed to be hoarding the insane amount of heat that the Barrack Obamas of this world, the Resplendys of this world, the Bill Nyes of this world, and the Keelings of this world claimed that it was hoarding.   The Global Warming Pause of 1999 to 2016 was 100% real ... 100%  true ... 100% authentic.  Period.  

Incidentally, it takes 80 calories of latent heat dispersion to turn a solid like ice into a liquid like water . . . per gram, of course.

There is also the matter of Latent Heat of Condensation:  That's the released heat that turns vapor into liquid ... as when atmospheric water vapor becomes morning dew.  On land, water vapor is affected by lowered nighttime temperatures, resulting in dew being seen in the morning.

Latent heat is released heat that does NOT change the temperature of the material involved.  The released heat only changes the STATE (aka the PHASE) of the material/substance involved.  When measuring condensation, it's basically the Latent Heat of Vaporization with a negative sign placed in front of the number.  Vaporization and condensation have an inverse relationship, as do two things known as:

Sublimation and Deposition.

Sublimation is when a solid turns into a gas without first becoming a liquid.  Deposition is when a gas becomes a solid without first becoming a liquid.  So stated for the record.  For a solid such as ice to turn into vapor, without first turning into liquid, 720 calories is required ... per gram.  Sunlight can provide this. 

Incidentally, Latent Heat activity achieves the objective of loosening molecular bonds within a substance/material, thereby widening inter-molecular space within.  After all, a solid is tight, and a gas is loose

In as much, you studying "the latent heat of the vaporization of water" (for starters) will take you out of the dark.  

The following educational video might help:  Latent Heat Tutorial

This educational video might seem more clear to you:  FuseSchool: Specific Latent Heat

The bottom line is that there is a difference between the Heat of Vaporization and Temperature per se (Sensible Heat).  The heat of vaporization has a mission of turning water into a vapor which will end up in the colder latitudes of Planet Earth.  This is the foundation of the Transfer of Heat throughout the spherical Earth.

Temperature-Per-Se (sensible heat), on the other hand, is mostly understood as a steady state routine, especially as it applies to ocean water, being that land temperatures change more rapidly than any ocean water does.   

Q: And why does ocean water temperature change more slowly?

ANS 1:  Air is more flexible than water.

ANS 2:  The pressure remains predominately unchanged in its predictable rate of increase and decrease with ocean water level; much like the adiabatic rate with air temperature.  Water pressure only changes by the change of location downward or upward. Air pressure changes come to you.  This includes the arrival of hurricanes.  Air pressure can become intensely turbulent ... not by the increase in pressure, but by the decreasing of it.  Deadly hurricanes are low pressure systems.

Both water and air pressure follow the rule of the Coriolis Effect, however.  Concerning water, it's called Eckman Transport, and it travels downward in the ocean like an angular spiral staircase.

BTW, there is a difference between steam and boiling water. The only similarity between the two is that neither one is occurring at the oceans' surfaces, as John Kerry & Barrack Obama would want you to believe.

The Heat of vaporization sounds more active and energetic. In contrast, temperature per se (Sensible Heat) preserves something.  Meanwhile, the heat of vaporization changes something.  Thus, a steady state temperature of the ocean is the science of statics, while the heat of vaporization is the science of dynamics. 

Q: Now, why are ocean vapors instinctively traveling to the temperate zones, above the Tropics?  

ANS:  In both Hemispheres, from the Latitude 40 degrees to the Pole, more heat exits Planet Earth's atmosphere into outer-space than enters the Earth's atmosphere from the same outer-space . . . 24 hours a day, seven days a week.  Ocean vapor travel is the natural attempt to equalize the Earth's atmospheric temperature throughout the planet.  It prevents a snowball Earth.

The hue of the coldest January in 40 years, by Patrick Anthony Pontillo

In Review:

If the aforementioned zipped over your head and you failed to understand the point made, take note of the following: 

During the Obama Years, there was the Global Warming Pause ... the Hiatus.  Well, pro-Al Gore scientists ... in search of lucrative government funding ... used the oceans as an excuse for the Global Atmospheric Temperature Pause.  Those scientists claimed that Planet Earth was still heating-up in an unending progression of time, and that the increase of heat was being absorbed by the oceans.  That is super easy to prove as a total falsehood via 

1 - the oceans' Latent Heat of Vaporization Mechanism,

2- the vast Aphotic Zones in every ocean, 

3- the absence of finding any pronounced, Godzilla-sized, ocean surface temperature "anomalies" that go beyond one season in time,

4- and tourists flocking to the oceans every Summer, along with tourists going on ocean cruises, as in Love Boat type scenarios.  Not very many customer complaints there.  Simply ask the cruise-line operators.

The four features assured the reasonable person that there was no "carbon foot-printed Global Warming" filling any of the oceans during the Global Warming Hiatus of 1999 to 2016.  There simply was a stop in the increase of global atmospheric temperatures during that time span.   And there was fraud being committed by the people associated with the East Anglia office.  Yes, a roomful of scientists can easily be (or become) a den of thieves.

The cessation in atmospheric temperature rise is the reason why the East Anglia scientists and pro-Al Gore people changed the name "Global Warming" to "Climate Change."  The fact that the title, Global Warming, was changed to, Climate Change, is evidence that the scientists knew that there was NO GLOBAL WARMING from 1999 to 2016.  Such persons are known as frauds, and anyone who accepts money based on a fraud is known as a thief.  There are remedies in civilization for theft, especially Grand Larceny.  Do the math herein.

Now, various agencies claim that the oceans have great capacities to hold heat, especially "man-made" industrial heat.  This makes it sound as if the heat remains in the oceans for decades.  Well, whatever heat does find its way to the ocean surface quickly gets jetted out into the air via the Latent Heat of Vaporization Mechanism.  

Thus, if the oceans were holding tremendous amounts of man-made heat, then we all would have noticed it in atmospheric temperature "anomaly" rises that remained constant, and not merely being something seasonal --- such as Summertime.  Record cold weather was repeatedly being experienced, from Australia to Niagara Falls, and from Brazil to Nova Scotia, as of recent.

Look at it this was:  Simply because a cop wears a badge, it doesn't mean that he is a just & honest man, especially as was the case in the American Segregation South, in 20th Century South Africa, in Nazi Germany, in Latin American dictatorships, in Leopold's Belgian colonies, in the Court of Oyer (Salem witch trials), and in the good old USSR.  Likewise, simply because a guy is wearing a lab coat, it doesn't make him honest, especially when he is in dire need of Congressional funding, or NGO donations, or even grass-roots donations.  

People have lied to gain power and money, whether they succeeded in their attempts or not.  Look at Peter the Great's sister, for example ... and thousands of other people.  Sometimes the lying occurred with a badge or a lab coat or a crown.  Scientists need to be vetted and audited.

All in all, other things trigger hurricanes ... not the molecular compound which inhabits less than 1/2 of 1% of the Earth's Atmosphere and which has a night-light's radiative forcing of 3.7 watts per meter squared.  CO2 does NOT drive the other 99.95% of Planet Earth's atmosphere.  

Now, if you insist that greenhouse gases trigger turbulent weather, then you must concede that the only greenhouse gas that has any power do to such a thing is WATER VAPOR only.   CO2 is NOT the Big Bad Wolf.  It's Plant Nectar ... plant food ... plant fertilizer.  CO2 is Pygmalion giving life to a sculpture, on a molecular scale.

None the less, the answer to Barrack Obama, as he sits in his oceanside mansion, is this:  

If the oceans were hoarding the heat that was absent from the atmosphere during the 1999 to 2016 era, then there was no Heat Transfer occurring throughout Planet Earth, being that the oceans were sitting on the heat.  If there had been no Heat Transfer occurring between 1999 and 2016, then the Great Lakes would have been turned into glaciers ... for starters.  

Then there would have been the matter of Lake Champlain, the Hudson Bay, the Boston River, the Allegheny River, the Ohio River, the Missouri River, the Snake River, the Colorado River, as well as Niagara Falls.   In general, it would have been Ice Cube City.  Therefore Barrack, you are a liar.  Typical for a politician sitting in a seaside mansion.