January 27, 2024

Review of Springtime 2023: The American West's Water Levels

New Mexico, during one of my long distance road trips.
Note:  The current Spring 2023 lake level tables for California, Nevada, Utah, Oregon, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, & Texas appear at very end of this post.  If you are short on time ... or if you have trouble reading (which is understandable) ... then skip down to the tables, aka charts, so that you can sigh with some measure of relief.

Hello there, boys & gargoyles.  Welcome to Pat the Wonder Rat's School for Figuring Stuff Real Good ... or Really Well ... as in "Let's make this real."  Let's find out the truth, once and for all, about the topic at hand:  

It's another one of those Chicken Little topics.  This topic involves the claim that the American West is presently undergoing its worse drought in the past 1,200 years.  In fact, it's attached to the claim that, in 2022, a five mile stretch of the Rio Grande River dried-up.  

At the outset, this allegation is contradicted by the fact that NASA had already declared the Year 1934 as having been the worst drought year in the past 1,000 years.  And that Rio Grande River report was easily proven to have been a complete lie, and evidence showing the Big Rio Lie is here, at this site.

Preview:  It's very elementary, Watson.  If there were a 20 year drought in the American West, the entire West would have become an array of ghost towns by now, with little more than tumbleweeds remaining.  Liars have a way of failing to match observed reality while telling their lies.  After all, during the time span when the former Wild Wild West was supposed to be having its worst drought in the past 1,200 years,  [1] Texas' population grew 20.68% and  [2] Nevada's population grew by 19.45%.   Meanwhile, [3] Utah lead the nation in population growth, to the tune of 23.88%.  This pertains to the US Census Years of 2009 to 2019.  

A  memento of my time out West ... in the former Wild Wild West.
Funny how the End of the World keeps getting postponed, decade after decade

It was the Year 2006 when Al Gore made his bold hurricane prediction, along with his sea level rise prediction.  (A) Since then, a grand total of one and only one Category 5 hurricane made landfall upon the continental United States.  It was Hurricane Michael, in 2018; twelve years after Gore made his Category 6 hurricane prediction.   (B) Since 2006, eight Category 5 hurricanes developed in the Atlantic Basin, and that's an average of one Cat 5 hurricane every two years.  (C) As far as goes Category 5 hurricanes making landfall upon the continental United States in the past 100 years, the number is ONLY FOUR --- (i) The 1935 Labor Day Hurricane, (ii) Hurricane Camille in 1969, (iii) Hurricane Andrew in 1992, and (iv) Hurricane Michael in 2018.  

(D) As far as goes all Category 5 hurricanes that developed in the Atlantic Basin in the past 100 years, the number is 39.  This amounts to one Cat 5 hurricane every two-and-a-half years.  

These are NOT end-of-the-world numbers, especially when making comparisons to the past seven centuries.  Florida's history of approximately or exactly 180 cyclones since 1523 will be the example for you to gloss-over, skim-through, or even peruse like Sherlock Holmes, if you desire.

                  See: https://detailedpedia.com/wiki-List_of_Florida_hurricanes_(pre-1900)

          Also see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Florida_hurricanes_(pre-1900)

These are the tracks of each Florida Cyclone, from 1851 to 1899 ... and only from 185 to 1899.  In that time span, atmospheric co2 was 285 ppm to 295 ppm.  That amounts to 125 ppm to 135 ppm of co2 LOWER than today's atmospheric amount.  According to Al Gore & Michael Mann, those cyclones and cyclones dating back to 1523 should not have occurred so frequently.   
And for the record, the most recent stat on sea level rise is that it rose 9.96 inches, from the Year 1890 to the Year 2021.  That amounts to one inch every 13 years.   

From 1970 to 2021, sea level rose 8.8 mm -- 3.46 inches.  However, a non-government entity who will remain nameless out of politeness claims that the sea level rise was much higher.  The claim was that sea level rose 3.6 inches since 1993, instead of 3.5 inches since 1970.  

During the "Biden Years," it is now being claimed that, all of a sudden, sea level rise will occur at a rate of one inch every 6 1/2 years.  Being that this is not intended to be a political post, nothing more will be stated here.   However, the following may enlighten you.  It deals with the fact that Joe Biden had TWO brain surgeries due to aneurysms, in 1988.  No further comment on this will be made.

See: https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1988-02-14-mn-42679-story.html

Also: https://apnews.com/article/e35733e8b2c96e0f46608c4773700292

None the less . . .

This brings us to a question:  Whom are we to believe about conflicting sea level reports and predictions?  ANS:  The ones who have been living on the coastlines for the past 20 and 30 years.  They'll tell you if there is an encroaching sea level rise that will wreck civilization or not.

(E) And of course, the continental United States went 12 consecutive years without being visited by any major hurricane.  This occurred between Hurricane Wilma and Hurricane Harvey.  The years spanned from 2005 to 2017.  The irony is that the longest absence of major hurricanes in the history of  America began the very year Al Gore predicted that an onslaught of Category 6 hurricanes would smash into American regions such as  . . . all of Florida.   

BTW, in 2022, Hurricane Ian arrived as a Cat 4 hurricane ... and not as a Cat 5.  

(F) In sequence, neither the Maldives nor Lower Manhattan went underwater, as was predicted to US senators in June of 1988.  All in all, the disasters predicted by Al Gore .. and Jim Hansen ... did NOT materialize.  Gore basically got the Nobel Prize for being a False Prophet, all the while making himself outrageously rich.

As a quick observation, if these predicted  calamities are finally going to come true now, then the hundreds of billions of US taxpayer dollars paid to scientists (to prevent climate disaster) was a complete waste of money, hundreds of billions of times over.  All of the UN climate conferences have been a waste of time and money, also.  This is because co2 rose from 360 ppm (in 1995) to 421 ppm (in early 2023).  

A 61 ppm rise in a full 22 years proves the climate conferences to be worthless as to their stated goals.  And the fact that there were far more turbulent weather events decades prior and centuries prior proves blatantly false the Al Gore Theory of Climate & Surface Temperatures.  A rise in CO2 does not accompany more turbulent and more frequent weather disasters, especially during the 12 years between Hurricane Wilma and Hurricane Harvey.

During the days when this type of ship ruled the seas, there were many weather disasters.  This meant that the winds & pressure systems on the high seas ruled the ships, instead.

Nothing New Today & Nothing More Severe than in Former Centuries

The great falsehood of the climate doomsayers is the claim that severe weather events only began with the invention of the internal combustion engine.  For example, both David Attenborough & Michael Mann claimed that the climate and all weather conditions were stable and calm for one thousand years prior to the 20th Century.  Disgraced NY Governor Cuomo said similar.  The truth is that weather events were more turbulent in centuries past, due to one scientific mechanism which appears in textbooks under the title, Pressure Gradient Force.

And of course, Sigourney Weaver became Hillary Clinton's surrogate liar in 2016, by claiming on national TV that, "This we have never seen before" ... concerning severe weather.  No Sigourney.  You were wrong.  It has ALL been done before.  

The truth is that history is filled with multiple weather disasters, even when the atmospheric co2 count was only 65% (two-thirds)  of what it is today (in 1610)   And for the record, the co2 count during caveman days was 61% of what it is today. 

There has not been any adverse climate trend or severe weather event today that was any worse than any weather event or climate trend of the 1500s, 1600s, 1700s, 1800s, and 1900s.  Throughout those centuries, there were horrendous weather disasters & life-changing weather trends which were far more turbulent than the vast majority of today's events.  In fact, there were life-destroying trends back then.  This included the December 1287 flood which killed 50,000 to 80,000 people and altered the coast of the Netherlands.  

The weather of the past 700 years included heat waves, droughts, crop failures, severe winds, cold snaps, blizzards, ice stacking, glacier growth, glacier melt, severe floods, epic Rocky Mountain forest fires, and sea storms that annihilated a couple military fleets, as well as numerous individual ships separated from their fleets ... along with ships that launched & traveled alone.  

Even if you go back a thousand years, you will find disasters such as the Great Coastal Flood of 1099 which killed approximately 100,000 Europeans in the British Isles & in the Netherlands.  The weather disasters included the 1315-1322 Great Famine of Central Europe which killed over 7 million people.  

The weather disasters of the past 700 years also included the 11 month-long Tudor Drought of 1540, along with the Great Storm of 1674 near St Augustine Florida, the oldest established city in the United States.  Then came the July 1743 China Heat Wave that reached 112F and killed approximately 11,400 people.  The disasters also included the ultra-devastating Yellow River Flood of 1887 which killed 930,000 people.  All in all, the weather events that today's climate doomsayers amplify are chump change in comparison to what came before us, throughout past centuries, with exceptions such as 1969's Hurricane Camille.

The pre-modern weather disasters included the Newfoundland Grand Banks Hurricane of 1775 which took 4,000+ lives.  Also in line was the 1776 Pointe-a-Pitre Hurricane which sunk 60% of the French and Dutch ships caught in its winds, as well as killing 22,000 people.  Six thousand of those fatalities were on Guadeloupe when the hurricane arrived.  

The Great Hurricane of 1780 followed suit, taking also 22,000 lives in the Caribbean.   In the Pacific was the JULY TYPHOON OF 1780 which was estimated to have killed 100,000, in the Philippines.  Typhoons would also hit the Philippines in 1782, 1783, 1792, 1793, 1795, 1797, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1809, 1810, 1812, 1819, 1820, 1824, and 1825.  Also in 1780 came New England's Dark Day, recorded by George Washington and others as having been on May 19.  

 There was the Miramichi Fires of October 1825, in New Brunswick, incinerating 2.5 to 5 million acres of forest, while killing approximately 200 to 300 humans.  This was when the co2 count was 284 ppm and during a month when things were supposed to be cool and moist.  If this happened today, the Bill-Gates-funded media would have blared it through trumpets, claiming it to be the sign of the End of the World.  Well, the world didn't end in 1825.

Later came the two most encompassing fires of them all, namely the Peshtigo Fire of 1871 (in Wisconsin) and the Great Michigan Fire, also in 1871.  The two fires charred 4 MILLION acres of Midwestern America.  Then came the Year 1881 which brought a true Yellow Day fire in Michigan, and it was followed by the Big Burn of 1910, effecting Idaho and Western Montana. 

Pre-modern weather events included the 1886 Great Fire of Calgary, in ALBERTA CANADA ... and the 1886 Great Vancouver Fire, also in CANADA ... along with the relatively nearby Great Fire of Spokane and the Great Fire of Seattle, as well as the Great Ellensburg Fire (also in Washington State), all occurring in 1889.  This was followed by the Great Fire of 1919, also in ALBERTA CANADA, as well as in Saskatchewan.  That fire incinerated 5 million acres of forestland.

Moreover, this all occurred when the co2 level was 295 to 303 ppm; 117 to 125 ppm LOWER than today.  Therefore, there is nothing new or apocalyptic about the 2023 Alberta Fires, other than it served as a reminder that neglected, "downed," and lifeless timber dries out, thereby becoming effective kindling.  Those were all tragic fires, throughout the centuries.  Today's fires are not more superior than fires of centuries past.  In fact, when comparing the aforecited fires to the historic Great Chicago Fire, the Great Chicago Fire doesn't even compare slightly.

Ice Jam Floods of the Renaissance & Elizabethan Era

And of course, there was the matter of "ice jam floods," during the Little Ice Age.  These consisted in wedges & blocks of ice lodged in waterways, causing water to backup.  These consisted in natural dams made out of ice ... and NOT caused by the burning of fossil fuels.

Incidentally, the Little Ice Age began with the arrival of the Wolf Minimum in 1284, and it ended with the arrival of the warm rain which incubated the very mobile water mold, Phytophthora infestans, in 1845.  The Year 1845 was the start of the Great Potato Famine  ... in Belgium & the Netherlands.  The water mold quickly spread to elsewhere, including Ireland.   None the less, in 1284, the atmospheric co2 count was 282, and in 1845, the co2 count was 284.  Yet, tremendously damaging natural disasters occurred during that time and long before it.  

The weather disasters during the Little Ice Age were many, and a few of them even included birds falling out of the sky, during sudden weather changes.  The raining of birds is not at all suspiciously non-believable, being that, in the 20th and 21st Centuries, it has rained small silvery fish, small frogs, and crayfish.  As a specific example, in 1873, it rained frogs in Kansas City.

In scouring through the chronicles, almanacs, captains' logs, and newspapers, you can add to the weather equation the wind-swept decimation of Kublai Khan's first invasion fleet of 1274 and the massive splintering of his second invasion fleet, in 1281.  Also add the Spanish Armada disaster of 1588.  This all happened when co2 levels were 120 to 160 ppm LOWER than today.  PPM stands for parts per million, incidentally.

As you can see, mankind survived very turbulent centuries, as well as having survived the horrendous 6th Century, with the Year 536 being the most traumatic of them all.  All in all, the most devastating of weather disasters did NOT come about by the burning of fossil fuels, especially when such burning was accompanied by modern filtration systems and catalytic converters.  The most disastrous climate disasters were the result of ===> volcanic activity which resulted in disastrous cooling trends.  

The disastrous result was due to sulfur dioxide blasting out of a volcano, into the atmosphere, causing sunlight to be reflected back into outer-space.  This is known as "albedo."  This is also known as the "aerosol effect."  And of course, no crop grows on glaciers or on frost or during frozen temperature intervals.  

What actually does cause deadly "turbulent weather?"

The reason why a mini ice age will result in more turbulent weather than a warming period is because of Pressure Gradient Force.  Very simply, the closer the temperature that exists between the Poles and the Equator, the more stable the atmosphere.  The greater the temperature difference between the Equator and the Poles, the more turbulent will be the atmosphere.  

During global warming phases, the temperatures between the Poles and the Equator become closer to each other.  After all, it's during Wintertime when the Polar Jet Stream meanders; not during Summertime.  In fact, in order for any tornado to form, a cold front literally has to "drop in."  Tornadoes are the opposite of global warming events.

All in all, remember the introductory law of Pressure Gradient Force, and even look-up "baroclinic instability," as well as "barotropic instability."  Add Eckman Transport to the reading list.  Eckman Transport addresses the oceans' angular staircase motion throughout layers of ocean water.  You need to learn these specific elements of atmospheric science & oceanography, in order to avoid being the useful idiot of Al Gore, Michael Mann, David Attenborough, the Third World Reps of the UN, and other individuals who have set their income goals upon American taxpayer grants and donation money from people who know nothing about atmospheric science. 

Australia Today.  Okay then, show me the Michael Mann Climate Crisis here.  Looks like he has been lying all along, and living without a conscience.

In direct contrast to the various End of the World Reports that never resulted in the End of the World, the following has recently occurred:

[1a] the Great Barrier Reef of Australia recently enjoyed replenishment.  [1b] Australia received its inland rains & ski lodge snow, as well.   [2]  The dams of the American West predominately enjoyed all of the ingredients that successfully replenish water levels there. 

[3a] Antarctica had its coldest recorded Winter in 2021, [3b] as well as having had its largest sea ice extent in 2015.  

[3c] In fact, it was found that, between 2009 and 2019, sixteen of the 34 ice shelves of Antarctica were growing enough to produce a net ice mass balance gain of positive 661 Gigatons.  It was found that East Antarctica's ice shelves let Antarctica grow another 5,305 square kilometers in ice, despite the 18 ice shelves in the West of Antarctica and on its peninsula which were retreating.  This translates into aggregate ice shelf growth of 2,048 square miles.   Basically, the climate doomsayers were lying to the world about Antarctica, hiding the fact that it was gaining ice mass, all along.

See: (European Geosciences Union, Volume 17 / issue 5 / TC, 17, 2059-2072, 2023 / May 16, 2023.) 

[Andreasen, J. R., Hogg, A. E., and Selley, H. L.: Change in Antarctic ice shelf area from 2009 to 2019, The Cryosphere, 17, 2059–2072, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-17-2059-2023, 2023.]

Important   ====>   https://tc.copernicus.org/articles/17/2059/2023/?mc_cid=7a3485fd02

BTW, Antarctica's peninsula is outside of the Antarctic Circle.  In fact, it's closer to Argentina than it is to the South Pole.  This is understandable when you take into account the reality that Antarctica is 5.5 MILLION square miles wide.  It's the exact same size as the Arctic Ocean, on the other side of Planet Earth.  This brings the rationally minded person to a question:  Why is the South Pole all ice-covered terrain, while the North Pole is all ice-covered water the exact same size as Antarctica?

[4] Concerning the other side of Planet Earth, even in Western Greenland, the Jacobshavn Glacier was found to be regrowing, in 2017, 2018, and 2019, at last count.  [5] Also up north is England whose landmass experienced record low temperatures in 2023, despite the July 2022 claim that England was now going to be experiencing only dry record heat and fires all over the place.  

[6] Meanwhile, a multiplicity of nations enjoyed record crop yields recently.   [7] And you now have a new weather occurrence, as of 2023, and it is completely opposite of that which was predicted by Michael Mann, Jim Hansen, Al Gore, John Kerry, Bill Gates, David Attenborough, and a number of others who recently came into lots of American taxpayer dollars, ever so coincidentally =====>

421% of the normal for May.  319% & 327%, as well, thereby summing the equation up to a plentiful water supply ... and NOT a 20 year-long drought.  This summarily invalidates all of the climate doomsayer assertions, especially those from the ever so arrogant mouth of the present governor of California who blamed co2 on his absence of foresight.

Okay now.  We've been told that the American West has been enduring its worst drought in 1,200 years.  Well, the truth is that the worst drought there transpired between 1276 and 1299 C.E.  (Common Era.)  In fact, between 1903 to 1918 (when atmospheric co2 was very low) Arica Chile did NOT receive a drop of rain.  And NASA officially stated that the worse drought year in the past one thousand years was 1934.  This and other related topics were already addressed at the Blue Marble Album.

We have also been told that there is a Western American drought that has been ongoing for 20+ consecutive years, despite the Monsoon seasons that regularly visited the American West and which actually came from the Gulf of Mexico ... and NOT from the Pacific Ocean, during any La Nina weather system.  

In as much, wherever there are monsoons, there are NO droughts.  And what is a monsoon?  It's a sea breeze on a continental scale ... on a massive scale.  Even England has a Monsoon season.  It's called, the Return of the Westerlies. This explains the British male stereotype.  It was that of a man wearing a black derby hat, while carrying an umbrella with him everywhere he goes in England.

In re: The present dishonesty of the climate doomsayers, despite 35 years of failed doomsday predictions by which they should have admitted being in error long ago: 

Let's continue with the issue of the climate "experts" stating that the American West is trapped in a long-term drought.  Directly below is another official State of California conveyance, as of May 2023.  Ladies & Gentlemen ... Boys & Gargoyles ... this is the OPPOSITE of a long-term drought or a long-term "climate crisis."  This is the state of the State of California less than one calendar year after it was proclaimed that Planet Earth was in a catastrophic heat, drought, and city fire mode, as well as a forest fire mode.

You need to understand that politicians seek to deceive, while activists seek to intimidate.  Below is an official government illustration, aka chart, aka supplement to an official government report that certain politicians and activists do not want you to view.  The map up top focuses on specific locales.  This one covers all of California.

This is one of the many pieces of evidence ... spanning a 35 year period ... which shows that Michael Mann & Al Gore, as well as Jim Hansen, are NON-factual in their doomsday prophecies.


Despite the contrary reality, the hyper-theatrics of the climate doom scientists were megaphoned by the commercial media, Democracy Today, the U.N., and the state-funded National Public Radio.  Such propaganda would rationalize the $370 BILLION U.S. taxpayer outlay for the climate doomsayers.  There was also an outlay of $424 BILLION, during the final two years of the Obama administration.  So, I'll go look at the pertinent official statistics ... yet again ... and assess this doomsday drought assertion of the Michael Mann Hockey Sticklers, the John Kerry Frequent Fliers, & the Al Gore Carbon Taxers.  

If those doomsday assertions are correct, then the water levels of all the dams and tributary lakes (also reservoirs) in the American West will be near their "dead pool" levels.  And if this is the case, we have to immediately move tens of millions of people out of California, Nevada, Utah, Oregon, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas, as well as the Red Desert of Wyoming.  

For those unaware, "dead pool" is the water level at which a reservoir or basin or tributary lake can no longer flow downstream.  It's technically known as Minimum Power Pool Elevation.  In addition, when it comes to a water level enabling turbine power generating, "INACTIVE POOL," becomes a serious concern.  Inactive Pool is the minimum water level elevation for generating electrical power.

As an added educational note: When you see the phrase, "tributary lake" or "tributary river," think of a moving body of water "contributing its water" to another river or lake.

I shall return in a few hours, after checking out Western lake & dam water levels.   Tic/tic ... tic/tic ... tic/tic/tic.  Tic again. Tic some more.  Ticarooski. 

Okay, I'm all back and everything from doing all of that fact checking stuff, to see if there really is a drought in the American West by which the World needs to be saved by that muscular model of manliness, Michael hockey-sticks Mann, and that electricity-sparing wise budgeteer, Al carbon-credit Gore.  The conclusion is  ====>

Someone needs to grow up.  Or someone else needs to file a number of False Claims Act lawsuits, where "treble damages" are exacted upon the fraudulent receiver of federal dollars.  Treble damages mean "three times the liability price tag, exacted upon the wrong-doer."  A wrong-doer is known as a tort-feasor, in American law.   

All in all, you do NOT need to fear the doom-ridden 1988 predictions of the former director of NASA's NYC branch, Jim Hansen, in his 35 year old predictions which never came true.  After all, the Maldives did NOT go underwater, lower Manhattan did not go underwater, and the Arctic's closest event to an ice-free August was in 2012, when 1.32 MILLION square miles of ice remained on top of the Arctic Ocean during the hottest time of the year.  That is the size of India plus another 0.8 million square miles.  (India is 1.24 million sq mi.)

Covering the perimeter of that distance of ice was equivalent to flying 1,148 miles east to west and then 1,148 miles north to south.  That's close to flying from Boston to Milwaukee, and then from Milwaukee to Houston, followed by flying from Houston to Miami, and then from Miami back up to Boston again.  That sheet of Arctic ice was 6 times LARGER than the size of France, and it was the lowest amount of Summertime Arctic ice in modern history.  Yet, it was a lot of remaining ice.

Moreover, the UN recently lied when stating that worldwide fatalities due to weather disasters are on the rise.  The opposite is true.  Observe:
Looks like a Choir of Liars were singing to Greta T., deceiving her into believing opposite of the facts.

In the sample graph below ... of 2019 ... take note that the least frequent cause of death were "natural disasters."  IF and ONLY IF the climate doomsayer claims were true, the number of deaths caused by natural disasters would have had skyrocketed decades prior.  However, that type of cause of death is still at the bottom of the statistical list.  

This is yet another piece of evidence proving that the hysterics presented by Al Gore, Michael Mann, the third-world-country reps at the UN, Jim Hansen, Bill Nye, and several others are outright fraudulent.  Deaths by cause of Natural Disasters have ridiculously low numbers compared to all of the other causes of death.  Heart disease is the #1 cause, as in 18,560,000 vs 6,076 natural disaster deaths.  Look for yourself.  In like fashion, cancer surpassed "natural disasters" to the tune of 10,080,000 to 6,076.


It was very falsely reported that 5 million people die each year die from heat.  The reality is not even close, no matter which data set you use.  Example: In the chart above, the statistical claim is that 48,000 people died from heat and cold exposure, in the Year 2019 ... not 5 million.  According to USA TODAY, two million people died from "extreme temperatures" since 1970.  This averages-out to 40,000 deaths a year in a 50+ year period, where heat deaths and cold deaths were counted together.  However ...

There was another statistical presentation which claimed that, in 2019 alone, there were 356,000 heat-related deaths.  However, the same paper stated a statistic which lessened the impact of the 356,000 heat-related deaths.  There was the statistical allegation that 1,300,000 deaths of the same year were due to freezing.  This is not believable.  The allegation that 356,000 people died from heat, in 2019, is also not believable.  So, which data set are we to believe?

The Reason why "Global Warming" was changed to "Climate Change"

An undeniable scientific fact ... as undeniable as Medieval Viking artifacts being found in formerly warm Southern Greenland ... is that there was NO GLOBAL WARMING FROM 1999 TO 2016.  Thus, in order to retain the psychological terrorism on the under-educated human population of teenagers and pre-teen schoolchildren, the climate activists needed to delete the phrase, "global warming," and replace with something that sounded frightening.  As is proven in the very revealing Climategate Emails, the replacement phrase of "climate change" was conjured.  

This is a foolishly selected phrase, because climate can also change for the better.  That phrase was actually replaced by "Extreme Weather Events."  And, when one scours through the history sources such as chronicles, nothing is more extreme today than in centuries past, when it comes to weather events.

The important point in mentioning the aforementioned paragraph is that you can instantly detect a fraudulent academic paper, IF and ONLY IF the claim is that there was "global warming" for the first 15 years of the 21st Century.  For example, one very worthless paper claimed that mankind endured global warming from the Year 2000 to the Year 2018, and it resulted in 5 million heat-related deaths per year.

Once again, science officially identified the Years 1999 to 2016 to be years of NO GLOBAL WARMING.  And more importantly, there is nowhere in worldwide statistics & in the record-keeping world that a number exists even close to five million people dying of heat per year.  The highest statistical number was 356,000, and the lowest statistical number was 40,000.

You need to understand that climate doomsayers outright lie about the facts.  And of course, the number 1 piece of evidence proving these doomsayers to be liars are the newspaper editions of the 1870s, 1890s, 1900s, 1910s, 1920s, and 1930s, when it comes to heat ... and the editions of the 1940s, 1960s, and 1970s concerning the temperature decline which was correctly reported in the Briffa temperature graph, but which was fraudulently omitted from Michael Mann's blatantly fraudulent hockey stick graph.  Then comes almanacs, chronicles, captains' logs, and even monastery receipts.  Those receipts proved that grapes were being successful grown in Northern England and Denmark, during the Medieval centuries.

Briffa Included the Temperature Decline of the 1960s and 1970s

Mention of the Briffa graph was already addressed at the Blue Marble Album, and there is a search box at the top right-hand corner of the Blue Marble website.

The doomsayers' claim of a Western US drought worse than anything in the past 1,200 years

The West has been known to get yearly Monsoons as recently as last year (2022).  If there presently is the worst drought in 1,200 years, then Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, California, and Utah would have become ghost town states, by now.  Texas would be the land of the great climate exodus, with Texas "climate refugees" endlessly rolling into Louisiana.  Yet, the population of Texas has grown, along with those of Nevada and Utah.

Such a drought would have been front page news, with graphic photography that can fill a museum.  We've had no such iconic American drought photos since 1936, except for some California fire photos & videos which reminded us that neglected fallen-trees become dried kindling that does a much better job than do blue-tip matches, when it comes to starting and perpetuating a massive fire.

The government employees, grantees, and contractors who make these "alarming climate calamity" predictions get LOTS OF TAXPAYER DOLLARS, if and only if they claim that things are terrible and that the world's going to end soon without the American taxpayer shelling-out billions more (to the exact same scientists who failed to decrease co2 in the past 22 years), to save the planet.

Conversely, those same people get no taxpayer money at all, if they say that the climate is under control ... and that there is no climate crisis today any worse than there was in the 1500s or in the 1700s or in the 1900s.  So, they cry out the most profitable phrase of them all, namely "Climate Wolf!"  

In the alternate, they cry-out, "The sky is falling, from all that co2 up there" --- all one-half of one percent of it in the Troposphere (0.042%)... and much less than 0.042% in the Stratosphere.  As a result, an entire generation of useful idiots joined the political movement of the enriched doomsayer scientists and the heavily enriched non-scientist activists.  

That generation will be expected to pay-off the overwhelming American national debt of $32,000,000,000,000 ... thanks to the 108th U.S. Congress all the way to the 117th U.S. Congress, and all of the long-term politicians who inhabited the U.S. Congress from 2003 to 2022.  The youth of today will have to pay the bill for all of the unjust enrichment that scientists and activists enjoyed, under the claim that we are in a climate crisis.

Australia & America:  A climate world apart, due to the Coriolis Effect

Concerning Michael Mann's audacity in stating that both the American West and Australia are going to very soon create mass sums of climate refugees, let's review:   Firstly, he and Hansen and even Gore stated similar things years prior, and this has not happened.

Secondly, due to the existence of  ENSO (already mentioned multiple times at the Blue Marble Album and elsewhere), the weather of Australia and Western America has "an inverse relationship."  So too is this the case with Indonesia and America.  That is to say, the opposite happens in Australia to that which happens in the American West.  Indonesia, too.  Those two general geographic territories are not on the same page.  After all, look at a globe or a world map.  The only way in which these two different and very distant parts of Planet Earth can have the same weather is if and only if Planet Earth suddenly becomes flat.

The reality is that, from 1895 to the Year 2010, an average of 14% of America endured a D2 drought (severe) and/or a D3 drought (extreme), constantly.  Of course, co2 levels were quite low from the 1890s to the 1920s to the wartime 40s and even during the Vietnam-era 1960s.  In fact, even in 1965, when the Beatles made world  history, the co2 count was 100 parts-per-million LOWER than it is today.  Even when the co2 count was below 300 ppm, the American West hosted long-term droughts, in the plural, long before the arrival of the European explorers. 

This indicates that somewhere in the continent of America there are always drought conditions.  This includes today.  As for the Spring of 2023, where would the drought be, if not in the former Wild Wild West?  ANS:  For mid to late May 2023, try Kansas and Oklahoma, as well as the Tampa Bay area, ironically enough.  Florida was supposed to have gotten a thousand year storm in April.  Yet, the West Coast of that State is in need of rainfall in May ... of the same year.  True thousand year storms aren't so narrow in scope.

USA, May 2023.  Look at the "Bread Basket of America" and remember the 14% observation.

Okay then, back to the claim that the American West has been under a dreadful drought for decades.  Well, if this is the case, then the water levels of all the dams and/or tributary lakes and/or reservoirs in the West will be drained down to their dead pool levels.  The reality is that no such thing is even closely occurring out West, despite the increase in a water-consuming population there, dating back to the opening of Lake Mead and the Hoover Dam.  Look for yourself.  BTW, there is an article (discourse or post or writing) on Lake Mead at the Blue Marble Album.  This is why it isn't mentioned in this post.  And of course, the Blue Marble Album still has a search box at its top right-hand side.

State by State Analysis

Firstly, New Mexico was mentioned by name as being a sovereign state severely afflicted by drought. Well, its four major dams are almost topped-off.  Where's the drought there?

Note:  The Navajo Dam is on the San Juan RIVER.  That river is a tributary river to the famous Colorado River.  Plus, the Ute Dam is on the Canadian River, in Logan, N.M. That river is a major tributary river to the Arkansas River.  The Ute Dam was constructed in 1963.

Let's see the sovereign state of California which is said to be in the death-throes of drought. It looks like you have a greater chance of drowning in California than dying of dehydration there.

Utah was also reported as being severely water-deprived more than usual.  False report.

Arizona was said to be in really really desperate conditions:

And next, Oregon. Drought?  What drought?

Texas was said to be one big dried-out desert.  Well, if there were no water there, there wouldn't be people there, either.  It appears that there's a lot of water in dry dry Texas.  Let's see for ourselves:

Colorado was mentioned too, in all of the doomsday reporting.  Let's see how doomsdayish Colorado looks in the Springtime of 2023. 
Do you get the message, yet?  Or have you been so severely brainwashed by commercial TV, the American Public School System, Michael Mann, Jim Hansen, John Kerry, & Al Gore that you are incapable of thinking your own free thoughts?   Do you miss your own personal opinion, or do you bind yourself to whatever your fifth grade teacher told you to do for the rest of your life, in the name of  your carbon blueprint, for the sake of an atmosphere which is already 99.9734% carbon-free?
Also for the record, the most recent End of the World prediction ...
... before the 2030 end-of-the-world prediction ... before the 2020 Glacier National Park failed prediction ... before the failed Maldives-sinking-in-the-ocean prediction for 2018 ... before the failed Ice-free Arctic prediction assigned for the Year 2014 ... 
... there was a doomsday prediction for the Year 2000, and it came from the U.N. in 1989.  Observe:  "... official says entire nations could be wiped off the Face of the Earth by rising sea levels if the global warming trend is not reversed by the Year 2000."  That prediction was yet another FALSE PROPHECY.  And the false prophesying continues. 

The world is always coming to an end, when it comes to money-grabbing activists and unemployed scientists.   The truth is that you have more of a chance of dying during a Nuclear Winter than during a phrase of Global Warming.  Such phases have come in cycles, mostly due to multi-decadal ocean oscillations and perhaps due to sunspot activity.  The opposite thereof was the case between the Years 1645 and 1710, when sunspot activity was often on vacation, and when ice festivals on the Thames River were an easily accommodated Winter tradition.

This trend of climate doomsayer theft-by-deception has been ongoing for over THIRTY-FIVE YEARS.  Some of us are old enough to have remembered the original bull crap.  Others are not old enough to have remembered, and they ended up making worldwide jackasses out of themselves on national & international TV.
Well, at least the CO2 police assigned the predicted doom-events to be even-numbered years ending in zero.  This includes the Next End of the World (having been assigned the Year 2030) and the Former End of "Entire Nations" (having been assigned to the Year 2000), as well as the Extinction of Glacier National Park's several glaciers (predicted to be gone by 2020.)  By the way, are those pesky things still up there?